The goal of the system is always to get a collaborative agreement, but sometimes tensions are bubbling. As a result, one or both parties may feel that they have no choice but to abandon the other party. Workers could do this by striking, which hurts businesses and limits profits. Businesses could do this by locking out workers from doing their jobs and being paid, which will have a negative impact on income and quality of life in general. i) Most agreements are at the factory level. However, there are some agreements at the industry level; Before independence, collective bargaining, as it was called and practiced, was virtually unknown in India. It was accepted in principle for the use by the State in relations between trade unions. A collective agreement is a written contract between an employer and a union representing workers. The KBA is the result of a broad negotiation process between the parties on issues such as wages, hours and terms of employment. According to Mr.

Flippo, “collective bargaining is a process in which representatives of a labour organization and representatives of the organization of the company meet and try to negotiate a contract or agreement defining the nature of the workers` union and employers.” The government is also looking at the collective bargaining process. The government adopts and enforces several labour laws and wants it to be applied in its own proper sense. If a person breaks the rules and laws, he imposes them by force. Legal formulations and binding agreements are concluded, so that both parties are responsible. All legal documents are then signed. The term “collective bargaining” was first used in 1891 by Beatrice Webb, founder of the INDUSTRIAL relations sector in the United Kingdom. [2] It refers to the type of collective bargaining and agreements that have existed since the rise of trade unions in the 18th century. The Office of Labor Management Standards, part of the U.S. Department of Labor, is required to collect all collective agreements for 1,000 or more workers, with the exception of those involving railroads and airlines. [16] They offer the public access to these collections through their website.