In 2015, Alexei Meschkov, then Russia`s Deputy Foreign Minister, raised the concept and said that cooperation between the EU and the EU on economic issues and between European and Eurasian security structures (including the OSCE and the Russian-led collective security organisation) represented an attempt at European security.19 To create a “Russian-led camp” , whose members had common institutions that could be considered equal to those of the EU and the OSCE. “Western Camp,” despite the lack of capacity in Russian-led institutions.20 Westerners see these institutions as a vehicle for Russian hegemonic ambitions and treat with suspicion the concept of integration integration. 1. This Treaty does not affect and is not construed to affect the primary responsibility of the United Nations Security Council for the maintenance of international peace and security, as well as the rights and obligations of the parties under the United Nations Charter. Meanwhile, Russia`s influence on the wider security front has deteriorated on the international stage and its armed forces have deteriorated. For example, in 1999, despite President Boris Yeltsin`s displeasure with NATO`s bombing of Yugoslavia, Russia made all-out commitments at the sixth OSCE summit, including the withdrawal of troops from Georgia and Moldova. He knew that without these obligations, the CFE`s adapted treaty would have no chance of being signed by Western states. However, in the years that followed, it became increasingly clear that, due to changing international and domestic conditions, the CFE Treaty would not be signed by the Baltic States (an important objective of Russia for the adapted treaty) or ratified by the United States. Key players must now take appropriate measures to avoid confrontation between former adversaries. Putin must resist internal pressure to undermine the CFE treaty to insult the United States for what Russia sees as a lack of respect for its interests. The CFE Treaty continues to serve Russia`s vital interests, in part because it respects the appropriate limits for NATO troops.

The Kremlin must also play its part and finally fulfil its commitments to withdraw its remaining troops in Georgia and Moldova, which are not essential for security in these areas. On 5 June 2008, the Russian President presented an initiative to develop a new pan-European security treaty whose main idea is to create – in the context of military and political security in the Euro-Atlantic region – a common and undivided area to finally eliminate the legacy of the Cold War. In light of the above, Dmitry Medvedev proposed to formalize the principle of indivisible security in international law as a legal obligation that no nation or international organization operating in the Euro-Atlantic region has the right to strengthen its own security at the expense of other nations or organizations.